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Militarizing Space: The Dangers of Star Wars II

National Missile Defense: We Must Keep Space for Peace

By Bruce K. Gagnon
07 February 2001

What is our vision for the heavens? On a beautiful starry night do you look up to the moon and the stars and feel the connection to the ages? Can you imagine military bases on the moon and constellations of space-based lasers orbiting our planet? Can you envision the new military space plane, the successor to the shuttle, dropping off new space-based weapons systems and then returning to earth?

We are at a defining moment in history as the U.S. leads the rest of the world into this new space age that ripples with technological advances and challenges the peace and environmental movements to update the way we think and organize.

In 1989 I organized a demonstration at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The keynote speaker that day was an Apollo astronaut, Edgar Mitchell, the sixth man to walk on the moon. Mitchell spoke out against Star Wars and told us that if we allow the Pentagon to put weapons into space, and to even test them against old satellites, then we will create so much space junk that we will not be able to get a rocket off this planet. Mitchell said we would be entombed to the earth.

Currently there are 110,000 pieces of "space junk" larger than a half-inch orbiting the earth at 18,000 m.p.h. They are tracked on radar screens inside Cheyenne Mountain in Colorado. Recently the International Space Station (ISS), which will cost taxpayers well over $100 billion once completed, had to be moved to a higher orbit because space junk was moving dangerously near it. On its last mission prior to its fatal launch demise, the shuttle Challenger had its windshield cracked by a tiny speck of paint that hit it while orbiting earth.
We once viewed the oceans, lakes, and rivers as vast and limitless. It was official policy to pour raw sewage and industrial pollution into these bodies because no one imagined that any harm could come from doing so. Dilution was the solution to pollution.

Today, some view space in the same way. The heavens are vast and limitless and it is assumed it won't matter what we put there in the name of national security. NASA, the US Department of Energy (DoE), and the Pentagon do not worry about the consequences of plans to dramatically increase deployments of nuclear materials into space to power space probes and space-based weapons.

The ballistic missile defense system is sold to the American people as a way to protect us from attack by "rogue" states, or as they are now called, "states of concern." National missile defense (NMD) is the $60 billion program to protect the continental U.S. from "attack." North Korea, one so-called possible enemy, has suspended its missile-testing program and is now negotiating reunification with South Korea. China, another "state of concern," has only 20 nuclear missiles capable of hitting the U.S. while we have 3,500 with which to "hit back." Chinese officials have been asking over and over again for the U.S. to join them in signing a global ban on weapons in space. The U.S. refuses to discuss such a ban saying that there is "no problem."
There is also a program called theatre missile defense (TMD) that would forward deploy these systems into the Middle East and Asia to "protect" U.S. interests and outposts. TMD would place weapons on ground launchers, ships, and airborne lasers enabling the U.S. to hit "offending" ballistic missiles in their boost phase, right after launch.

The U.S. Space Command, with its logo "Master of Space," is also working hard to develop the space-based laser (SBL) program, the "follow-on" technology to missile defense. Its expressed intention is to use this program to protect corporate "interests and investments" around the globe as the gap widens between the "haves" and the "have-nots." The Space Command will become the military instrument by which corporations maintain their global control.

The $30 billion SBL program will soon begin construction of a test facility at either Cape Canaveral in Florida, Redstone Army Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama, or at the Stennis Missile Testing Center in Mississippi. The SBL, the real Reagan-era Star Wars program, would deploy a constellation of 20-30 lasers orbiting the earth with the job of knocking out "competitors" satellites and hitting targets on earth. These lasers could very possibly be powered by nuclear reactors. Imagine what would happen if they tumbled back to earth!

We are now standing on the edge of history, poised to move the bad seed of war, greed, and environmental degradation into the heavens. We have sown this bad seed ever so widely on our fragile planet leaving behind such human suffering and environmental waste that it makes me angry to think about now moving the war system into space.

I am often asked if I am opposed to the space program all together. Actually I am not. But I believe we should approach space exploration with a sense of awe and mystery. We should approach this final frontier with a reverence for what the heavens will reveal to us, rather than with the arrogance of exploitation.

I often tell a story about my son, who when he was young wanted to stay out on the street after dark playing with his friends. I told him that he was too young, too immature, and that when he showed more maturity we would renegotiate the deal. This is the way I see the space program. NASA and the Pentagon are showing that they do not have the good judgement or the maturity to be given the responsibility to move off this planet.

I see earth's citizens as the parents. It is the parents' job to protect the children, or in this case, the planet from those who do not demonstrate a proper respect for life on this earth and the heavens beyond. Like all good parents who would stop their children from hurting themselves, it is our job to stop the aerospace industry which views space as a new market for war and enormous profit.

The time has come for a new consciousness about space. Space is not a junkyard or bombing range or playground for the high-tech boys with their new expensive toys. It is a place of wonder and life. It is the place where our spirit soars and our dreams live and grow.

The United Nations recognized this when they created the 1967 Outer Space Treaty that says no weapons of "mass destruction" can be put into the heavens. The treaty says that the heavenly bodies are the province of all human kind. We must call for the strengthening of this treaty, not its nullification!

The Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space has been working since 1992 to create a new consciousness about space. When we look up at that beautiful moon on a clear night, we must remember that everyone on the entire planet has the same experience - it is a unifying symbol for all the people. We cannot allow the Pentagon to think that they can put military bases on the moon or weapons into orbit around the Earth.

I believe that space must be protected just like any other wilderness. We must create a global movement that says we shall not move the bad seed of war into the heavens. We must not pollute space any longer with nuclear reactors and nuclear generators, and we must stop all planning for U.S. space weapons and military bases on the moon.

For once, we have a chance to stop something truly horrific before it actually happens. We can prevent an arms race before it begins if we act now. If we pause long enough to give the Pentagon and the aerospace industries the opportunity, they surely will move the arms race into the heavens and rob our children and their children of the resources that they need to create a sustainable life on our earth.

We must call out to the public to help us keep space for peace. We must demand that the politicians rescind plans for "missile defense" and the space-based laser. We must say that space will be protected as a wilderness.

Our relations who sat around their council fires for centuries before us marveled at the wonders of the night sky. We must honor them by preventing the arms race from moving into the heavens. We must keep space for peace.© The News Insider 2001Bruce K. Gagnon is the Coordinator for the Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space. He can be contacted at PO Box 90083, Gainesville, FL 32607, Tel: (352) 337-9274, or by email at

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